Prevention measures target early detection or diagnosis of radicalisation and at the reversal of incipient radicalisation processes of imprisoned young people. The offer includes prevention workshops or group training lasting several months followed by stabilisation coaching (max. 1 year) after release.
The deradicalisation of highly radicalised offenders with a potential terrorist background (e.g. Syria returners, members of terrorist cells in Germany) is different. These cases require active initiation of deradicalisation and dissociation processes as well as disengagement assistance, as they rarely have the intrinsic motivation to break away from their beliefs. To make matters worse, they are usually influenced by immense mistrust of state institutions and representatives of the majority society, which significantly increases the access barrier. The individual training is therefore usually initiated by the recommendation of judicial authorities or the result of a court order.
In terms of content, both the prevention workshops, as well as the group and individual training aim to establish a stable working relationship based on trust, to initiate critical reflection and cognitive processes, but also to develop perspectives and to establish stable support systems for the period after being released from prison to ensure future dissociation from the extremist environment.